Policies and Regulations


Federal Regulations

The law that governs the administration of the federal student aid programs is the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). Some aspects of the HEA are clear and concise and do not require more detailed guidance. Some provisions, however, merely express congressional intent and require additional interpretation, clarification, or guidance. Such guidance is provided in the form of federal regulations.

Federal regulations are periodically revised due to amendments to the HEA, revisions in policy, or technical corrections to the text of the regulations. The National Council of Higher Education Resources (NCHER) Program Regulations Committee develops an "integrated" version of ED's compilation of regulations on an as-needed basis throughout the year. This version allows users to see the language that has been stricken from the regulations as well as language that has been added. Included on this page are the most current integrated versions of the regulations for Parts 99 (FERPA), 600 (Institutional Eligibility), 668 (Student Assistance General Provisions), 674 (Perkins Loan Program), 682 (FFELP), 685 (FDLP), and 690 (Federal Pell Grant Program). The Committee also developed a Topical Index to be used as a resource tool for researching certain federal regulations and/or the HEA. The index is arranged in alphabetical order for ease of use and covers a wide range of topics.

Negotiated Rulemaking

Negotiated rulemaking, sometimes abbreviated as "Neg Reg," began in the early 1980s and is currently required under the HEA. Under negotiated rulemaking, ED works to develop proposed regulations in collaboration with representatives of the parties who will be affected significantly by the regulations. See the below Neg Reg Web pages for more information.

Program Integrity Final Rules

On October 29, 2010, and June 13, 2011, the Department of Education (ED) issued final rules which impact public, private nonprofit, and for-profit schools in a number of significant ways. To help schools understand these final rules on Program Integrity issues, TG provides numerous articles and other resources.

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